Layla and Majnun Ipsum - Test Page
Layla & Majnun (Persian: لیلی و مجنون Leyli-o Majnūn Arabic: مجنون ليلى Majnūn Laylā, 'Layla's Mad Lover';) is an old story of Arabic origin, about the 7th-century Najdi Bedouin poet Qays ibn al-Mulawwah and his ladylove Layla bint Mahdi (later known as Layla al-Aamiriya).
"The Layla-Majnun theme passed from Arabic to Persian, Turkish, and Indian languages", most famously through the narrative poem composed in 584/1188 by the Persian poet Nizami Ganjavi, as the third part of his Khamsa.[a] It is a popular poem praising their love story. Lord Byron called it "the Romeo and Juliet of the East."
Qays and Layla fell in love with each other when they were young, but when they grew up Layla's father didn't allow them to be together. Qays became obsessed with her. His tribe Banu 'Amir and the community gave him the epithet of Majnūn (مجنون "crazy", lit. "possessed by Jinn"). Long before Nizami, the legend circulated in anecdotal forms in Iranian akhbar. The early anecdotes and oral reports about Majnun are documented in Kitab al-Aghani and Ibn Qutaybah's Al-Shi'r wa-l-Shu'ara'. The anecdotes are mostly very short, only loosely connected, and show little or no plot development. Nizami collected both secular and mystical sources about Majnun and portrayed a vivid picture of the famous lovers. Subsequently, many other Persian poets imitated him and wrote their own versions of the romance. Nizami drew influence from Udhrite love poetry, which is characterized by erotic abandon and attraction to the beloved, often by means of an unfulfillable longing.
Lineage of Qays and Layla
Qays is the uncle of Layla and she is the daughter of Qays' cousin. Both Qays and Layla through their lineage is descended from the tribe of Hawazin, then descended to the tribe of Banu Ka'b (the patriarch Ka'b), which is also related to the direct lineage to the Prophet Muhammad, founder of Islam. Therefore, they are all are descendants of Adnan, who is Ishmaelite Arab descendant of Prophet Isma'il (Ishmael), son of Ibrahim (Abraham). Their lineage is narrated from Arabic records as followed:
Qays' lineage is: Qays bin Al-Mulawwah bin Muzahim bin ʿAds bin Rabīʿah bin Jaʿdah bin Ka'b bin Rabīʿah bin ʿĀmir ibn Ṣaʿṣaʿa bin Muʿawiyah bin Bakr bin Hawāzin bin Mansūr bin ʿAkramah bin Khaṣfah bin Qays ʿAylān bin Muḍar bin Nizār bin Maʿad bin ʿAdnan.
قيس بن الملوّح بن مزاحم بن عدس بن ربيعة بن جعدة بن كعب بن ربيعة بن عامر بن صعصعة بن معاوية بن بكر بن هوازن بن منصور بن عكرمة بن خصفة بن قيس عيلان بن مضر بن نزار بن معد بن عدنان
Qays was born around 645 AD (AH 24 in the Hijri) in the Najd till his death around 688 AD (AH 68 in the Hijri) during the succession of the fourth Umayyad caliph Marwan I and the fifth Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan in the 1st century of the Hijri in the Arabian Desert.
Qays is one of the two Al-Qaisayn poets Al-Mutaymīn (Arabic: المتيمين), and the latter is Qays bin Dharīḥ (قيس بن ذريح), dubbed "Majnūn Lubna (مجنون لبنى)". It is narrated by a woman that Qays died in the year 68 AH (corresponding to 688 AD), and he was found lying among stones (where Layla was buried) while he was dead, and his body was carried to his family.
Layla's lineage is: Laylā bint Mahdī bin Saʿd bin Muzahim bin ʿAds bin Rabīʿah bin Jaʿdah bin Ka'b bin Rabīʿah bin Hawāzin bin Mansūr bin ʿAkramah bin Khaṣfah bin Qays ʿAylān bin Muḍar (bin Nizār bin Maʿad bin ʿAdnan).
She was called "Umm Mālik (أم مالك)".
ليلى بنت مهدي بن سعد بن مزاحم بن عدس بن ربيعة بن جعده بن كعب بن ربيعة بن هوازن بن منصور بن عكرمة بن خفصه بن قيس عيلان بن مضر
Layla was born around 648 AD (AH 28 in the Hijri) in the Najd, where the date of death unknown, during the succession of the fourth Umayyad caliph Marwan I and the fifth Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan in the 1st century of the Hijri in the Arabian Desert.
Layla is born four years after Qays in a town called an-Najūʿ(النجوع) in the tribe of Banu Amir of Qays of the Hawāzin, which the town is later called by her name "Layla" today, and is also the capital of Al-Aflaj Province in Riyadh Region.